Myocardial infarction or commonly known as “Heart attack” is rapidly increasing and now reaching epidemic proportions. India is seen as diabetes and coronary heart disease capital of India. A heart attack in young Indians is increasingwith a significant risk in both males and females.
The epidemic of coronary artery disease (CAD) hitting India very hard. CAD refers to diseases of the coronary arteries and it carries blood and oxygen to the heart. Therefore, any disease which affects the coronary arteries deprives the heart of oxygen and the extreme form of this deprivation occurs during the myocardial infraction which is commonly known as “Heart Attack”.
More Indians are losing their lives to cardiovascular diseases than ever before, especially in the wealthiest states in our country. Now, “Heart attack” is widespread throughout the world and can cause early and unexpected death. So many young adults, especially men, come routinely to do a health check-up even if they have no symptoms.
Many times because of this someone suddenly succumbed to the disease. Despite this, the vast majority of youngsters and young adults fail to identify the warning signs, which occasionally leads to tragic outcomes. Heart attack in young individuals is double jeopardy. The heart disease is never suspected in the first place, with most patients wrongly assuming their symptoms to be “gas” or “muscle” pain.
In many cases, patients do not seek medical help or go to a nearby medical pharmacy for some medication. Sometimes, unfortunately, even doctors disregard the symptoms and don’t take an ECG which is a diagnostic tool to detect a heart attack and the muscles around the heart cannot survive beyond a few minutes without a lack of oxygenated blood. As a consequence, these patients lose much of the pumping capacity of the heart as a portion of their heart muscles is permanently scarred.
The most common cause being attributed to a heart attack in young persons are:
Nowadays smoking becomes a fashion for college students and later this turns out to be an indispensable addiction. It is the single largest risk factor for a young individual developing Myocardial infarction (MI).
Smokers not only develop MI earlier but also they increased two-fold risk factor compared to non-smokers and four-fold increased risk factor of sudden death due to MI. it is also a higher risk for smoking women.
Smoking is not only a dangerous disease, but tobacco consumption is also equally dangerous. Tobacco causes the blood vessels to be stiff and less elastic and it increases the tendency of blood cloth and also the blocks the flow of coronary arteries. A common misconception is that person who smokes occasionally are not at risk but once a person quit smoking, it will take three years for the body and to recover from the effect of tobacco.
High Cholesterol levels
While cholesterol is necessary for good health but too much amount of cholesterol in the body is bad. Excess cholesterol deposits enter the inner lining of the coronary arteries gradually, it starts building from tiny crystals into larger deposits making the arteries narrower and consequently blood supply to the heart gets obstructed leading to Myocardial infarction.
Though the total cholesterol levels are predictable of heart disease, many Indians who develop MI have normal cholesterol levels.
Changing food habits is the leading factor to increase salt consumption, stress, and a sedentary lifestyle have all contributed to the rise of young hypertension. People with high blood pressure are likely to develop CAD because of high BP and these BP added the artery walls and over time, the extra pressure can damage the arteries. These injured arteries are most likely to become heart attacks by fatty deposits.
The rise in the incidence of Diabetes is a major factor in youngsters developing MI. Diabetics with Myocardial infarction develop a large portion of the heart that is affected as compared to non-diabetes, has a higher risk of developing re-infarction.
Diabetes has an increased tendency to form blood clots similar to smokers, has multiple blocks and may also have involvement of blood vessels supplying brain and legs.
Physical inactivity actually starts from school as modern day teaching stresses very hardly the importance of physical education. It does not only cause a heart attack but also hypertension, Diabetes, and obesity.
80% of the youngsters are physically inactive and the remaining 20% are frequently concentrating the gyms on muscle building rather than aerobic training. but youngsters should have to undertake aerobic physical activity for 30-60 minutes a day for at least five days a week.
Many Indians are prone genetically for heart disease. Indians have relatively small coronary arteries which makes them more vulnerable to heart disease even with the less severe atherosclerotic disease than our western counterparts. If any because of the gene is responsible for CAD yet it can be decoded.
To prevent this premature heart attack in young Indians. We should avoid physical stress, modify your lifestyle, avoid tobacco consumption and excessive alcohol, Regular moderate-intensity aerobic (isotonic) exercise like brisk walking, cycling, jogging, and swimming for five days a week helps in reducing heart attacks by 30 percent. It also reduces BP, weight and controls diabetes and lipids.
Although lifestyle modification plays a vital role in controlling risk factors, the use of blood-pressure-reducing drugs, antidiabetic drugs and statins (to reduce bad cholesterol LDL) are essential.
So for this, we should adopt healthy habits starting from childhood or adolescent age at the school level is essential so that we can prevent risk factors for heart attack.
Many health care centers with a fully equipped will aid you and your family members for a healthier and longer life ahead. Health checkup packages are available all over the country especially when you search for health checkup packages in Gurgaon and other metro cities. The benefits of health checkup are:
- Early detection and diagnosis of illness
- Periodic checkup a scheme
- Preventive health care system
- Right doctors, right treatment, and a world-class hospital.
Transformation and improvement and so on.